Were first invented in the USA in the 1800's by a sweetmaker. The cane represents the shepherd's crook, who were the first to worship the baby Jesus Christ.



In the northern hemisphere ( Europe, Great Britain), these were sung at the 'Winter Solstice' ( the shortest day of the year) - usually around the 22nd December. The word carol meant a song or dance of praise. They were originally sung every season, but now only at Christmas.



This began in Great Britain in 1843 by a man called Henry Cole. he thought the idea of sending a card at Christmas might make people use the new  'Penny Postal service' that had just begun. He was right and for the cost of a penny (1 cent) people could post a card. Sending Christmas cards is still very popular today, all over the world.



Were first made in London by a sweetmaker called Tom Smith. Inside his crackers he put a sweet. He got the idea of making them 'crack' by looking at his fire , hearing and seeing the sparks! he then invented a way to make the noise when pulled apart.

His crackers became popular with couples and he then filled them with sweet sayings written on small pieces of paper. Today there are often jokes inside crackers.



Reminds us of the crown of thorns worn by Jesus Christ



We give presents to each other as a reminder of the presents given to Jesus Christ by the Three Wise Men.


Was a bishop who lived around the year 400. He came from a very rich family and often helped the poor by leaving secret gifts. His kind deeds made him a saint. 

Often pictured wearing a long white beard and long robes. St Nicholas, Father Christmas and Santa Claus now all mean the same, even though different countries may celebrate Christmas on December 6 or December 25.


A new log is lit using the log from the previous year which had been stored away. This custom is spread all over Europe.

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